WHAT DO THE 4 CS MEAN?
When discussing diamonds, be it lab-grown or natural diamonds, there is an important concept that is often mentioned, the “4Cs.” It represents the four fundamental elements that determine the beauty and value of a diamond. These 4Cs are carat, cut, color, and clarity. Thanks to these factors, you can choose the right diamond without physically seeing the stone.
1. Carat: Carat is the unit of measure for the mass of diamonds. One carat, which equals 100 points (pt), is equivalent to 0.2 grams or 200 milligrams. The larger the carat of a diamond, the rarer and more valuable it is. However, it’s essential to remember that carat alone doesn’t directly determine the beauty and brilliance of a diamond. That’s determined by the following three Cs.
Did you know that the term “carat” comes from the word “carob,” referring to the carob tree, and one of its seeds weighs 0.2 grams, which is equal to 1 carat?
2. Cut: The second important “C” refers to the quality of a diamond’s cut. The quality of the cut directly influences the diamond’s brilliance, sparkle, and light reflection. A well-cut diamond reflects light back towards the viewer, providing maximum brilliance. When determining the cut quality, factors such as the diamond’s proportions, symmetry, polish, and the quality of the cut are taken into account.
3. Color: Color refers to the level of yellowish or colorlessness in a diamond. The most valuable diamonds are, of course, completely colorless and transparent. The color classification ranges from D (colorless) to Z (yellow or brownish color). The less color a diamond has, the rarer it is, and the higher its value. However, in some cases, fancy colored diamonds like pink or blue can be even more precious, rare, and valuable.
4. Clarity: Clarity refers to the cleanliness of a diamond, both internally and externally. Most diamonds have small natural internal or external imperfections, flaws, blemishes, etc. Clarity is assessed on a scale ranging from IF (internally flawless) to I3 (contains significant inclusions). The cleaner the diamond, the rarer and more valuable it is. High clarity ensures the diamond’s sparkle and transparency.